Gunther Köhler’s at it again! This time with a merry band of colleagues he’s split Anolis tropidogaster, a little brownjob of an anole widespread in southern Central America and Colombia, into two species, A. tropidogaster in Colombia and eastern Panama and A. gaigei sandwiching it in western panama and the Santa Clara Mountains of Colombia.
Like a number of recently differentiated mainland anoles, the species differ markedly in the shape of their hemipenes. However, in contrast to some other cases, they also differ in dewlap color and a number of scale characters. Further, a limited genetic analysis suggests that the two forms may be substantially differentiated genetically.